The fMRI machine records blood flow in the brain. The olive consists of two parts: The inferior olivary nucleus (or 'complex'), which is a part of the olivo-cerebellar system and is mainly involved in cerebellar motor-learning and function. The brain stem contains the pons and medulla oblongata. But researchers have learned that laughter involves various regions of the brain. SC 039992). Functions of the Cerebellum. In humans, the inner ear contains parts called the semicircular canals, where otoliths - tiny stone-like structures - shift in response to gravity and the movement of our body. This system lies near the center of the brain. We naturally suggest is you. 4, 2018 — Blood vessel formation relies on the ability of vascular cells to move while remaining firmly connected to each other. One of the most complex, but amazing organs of the human body, the brain is basically divided into two hemispheres: the right hemisphere and left hemisphere. The white matter acts as the information highway of the brain to speed the connections between distant parts of the brain and body. This idea has been supported by recent neuroimaging studies, but was also examined much earlier, typically using case studies. Powerful brain games that measure your cognitive function and cognitive skills. sleep, resting state in which an individual becomes relatively quiescent and relatively unaware of the environment. Brain and spinal cord (also known as central nervous system, or CNS) tumors can be benign or malignant. “Marketing Assistant” is what my business cards say, but I function like a production artist – cranking out layout after layout. Brain Communications is the open access sister journal to Brain, publishing high-quality preclinical and clinical studies related to diseases of the nervous system or maintaining brain health. The right temporal lobe has many different functions that complement left temporal lobe functions, and new information is being discovered all the time. reflex: see nervous system nervous system, network of specialized tissue that controls actions and reactions of the body and its adjustment to the environment. We'll go over the different parts of the brain and explain what each one does. The higher functions of the brain are to be performed by the cerebral cortex, a highly developed region of the brain. Science has yet to fully understand how the brain works. The identity theory of mind is to the effect that these experiences just are brain processes, not merely correlated with brain processes. The heart pumps the blood, which carries all the vital materials which help our bodies function and removes the waste products that we do not need. Powerful brain games that measure your cognitive function and cognitive skills. The brain, locked away in its bony case, was conceived as responsible for rational thought and for ideas that direct behavioral interactions with the external environment. And we do not know what causes some brain diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease. Development of structure and function in the infant brain: Implications for cognition, language and social behaviour Sarah J. To carry out these functions, some sections of the brain have dedicated roles. Unit One: The Nervous System UNC-CH Brain Explorers May be reproduced for non-profit educational use only. Each of these regions are vitally important with highly specialized functions. The cardiac, respiratory, and vasomotor control centers are in the medulla. Understanding the brain's role in all manner of human activity is a central topic in psychology. The lens of the eye works in conjunction with the cornea. The essential assignment of corpus callosum is to allow the two hemispheres to communicate. The part of the brain responsible for involuntary bodily functions is the medulla oblongata, located at the base of the skull near the brain stem. Forest Hill Health And Rehab Wikipedia can provide these types of samples to help many people understand rehab main difference amongst LTV and CLTV: Mortgage To Benefits: Residence sought after at one-hundred dollar, 1000. In rat brain synaptosomes. Read about the inner ear’s anatomy, how the inner ear functions and about the individual parts of the inner ear. It is made of three parts: the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. Thus, this brain is called the “R complex” (R for reptilian). The tectum is in the dorsal part of the midbrain. This is my first ever post in Medium and I would like to kick it off with flying car basic concepts/terminologies. CDC defines a traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a disruption in the normal function of the brain that can be caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or penetrating head injury. Different areas of the brain are responsible for different vital functions. The scientists reveal that parts of the human brain are Forebrain, Midbrain & Hindbrain and the related structures that collectively act as a single highly specialized unit. Technological advances in recent years have allowed scientists to study the human brain in ways that were not possible in the past. The part of the limbic system shown is that which is along the left side of the thalamus (hippocampus and amygdala) and just under the front of the thalamus (hypothalamus): Hypothalamus. makemegenius. the cerebellum or "little brain" (see diagram 14. Information conveyed through the nervous system moves. The Hindbrain. Cerebrum - Part of the brain that is associated with memory, pain, and voluntary muscle control. The cerebellum is located at the base of the brain, with the large mass of the cerebral cortex above it and the portion of the brainstem called the pons in front of it. Check out Funbrain here. The somatic nervous system is made up of neurons connecting the CNS with the parts of the body that interact with the outside world. We'll go over the different parts of the brain and explain what each one does. The hindbrain is composed of the medulla oblongata and the pons. The cerebral cortex is the part of the brain that functions to make human beings unique. Several chemicals are also located in the brain, which help the body maintain homeostasis, or a sense of overall comfort and calm as its basic needs are met. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Glial cells make up 90 percent of the brain's cells. The olive consists of two parts: The inferior olivary nucleus (or 'complex'), which is a part of the olivo-cerebellar system and is mainly involved in cerebellar motor-learning and function. Most of the pons is supplied by the pontine arteries, which arise from the basilar artery. The brain and the spinal cord make up the central nervous system, which receives signals from the peripheral nervous systems (the nerves in the body), interprets them and sends out instructions for motor activity -- all in less than a second. Some very simple animals may not have a head, but many bilaterally symmetric forms do. WebMD's Brain Anatomy Page provides a detailed diagram and definition of the brain including its function, parts, and conditions that affect it. Neurogenesis and neuroplasticity improvements were observed in the right hippocampus, right prefrontal cortex and the cerebellum. The brain sends messages via the spinal cord to peripheral nerves throughout the body that serve to control the muscles and internal organs. Given this complexity, it should not be surprising that there are many ways to separate the parts of the brain. In other words, the cerebellum is roughly located under all of the other major parts or lobes of the brain, at the back of the head. Temporal lobe epilepsy can lead to a number of symptoms, including auras and hallucinations. In mapping brain functions, scientists use imaging to watch the. One of the most complex, but amazing organs of the human body, the brain is basically divided into two hemispheres: the right hemisphere and left hemisphere. Through its white matter, the brain stem forms the connections between the brain and the body via the spinal cord, including:. The cerebral cortex is a most important part of the brain. Some studies suggest regular marijuana use in adolescence is associated with altered connectivity and reduced volume of specific brain regions involved in a broad range of executive functions such as memory, learning, and impulse control compared to people who do not use. The brain is the most complex organ in the body. helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance, posture, conceptualization of passage of time, and other cognitive functions. This lesson focuses on the peripheral nervous system, including its function and parts. Theories of localization first gained scientific credence in the 1860s with Paul Broca's discovery that damage to a specific part of the brain—the left frontal lobe—was associated with speech impairment. Powerful brain games that measure your cognitive function and cognitive skills. The dendrites receive incoming signals from other neurons, and the axon and its terminal branches relay outgoing signals to other neurons. org /wiki /Neuroglia. It is part of a system that directs many bodily functions: the limbic system. The Brainly community is constantly buzzing with the excitement of endless collaboration, proving that learning is more fun — and more effective — when we put our heads together. Glial cells make up 90 percent of the brain's cells. A complicated highway system of nerves connects your brain to the rest of your body, so communication can occur in split seconds. Neurons or nerve cells - Structure and function | Human Anatomy | Biology The nervous system is an essential part of the human body that helps in the transmission of signals across the various. Generally speaking, the function of a process is to be a conduit through which signals flow to or away from the cell body. The medulla lies next to the spinal cord and controls functions outside conscious control, such as breathing and blood flow. Understanding the brain's role in all manner of human activity is a central topic in psychology. Glutamate is toxic, not in spite of its importance, but because of it. Located in the front of the brain, this lobe is responsible for planning and organising incoming information. If the medulla did not work, the person would die. Functionally, the organs of the nervous system can be further divided into different parts. 38,39 Other studies have not found significant structural differences. Localization (Brain Function) Refers to the concept that different areas of the brain control different aspects of behavior. the function of the brain cell is to control our body parts. Frog Organ Functions. Parts of the Nerve Cell and Their Functions Silvia Helena Cardoso, PhD [1. Reward and punishment exert their most important. Glia and other supporting cells are important for proper brain function. The three brains can work in harmony with the cosmic process by which we have evolved. Learn about the different parts of a bacterial, animal and plant cell Cell Menu - Games & Tutorials - Sheppard Software Games Learn about the different organelles in animal, bacteria, and plant cells!. Additional classification of the right and left hemispheres divides the brain in half. The skull protects the brain, and the spine protects the spinal cord. The function of the cerebellum is mainly to control motor movements, although the cerebrum may also play a part in attention, language, as well as regulating the fear and pleasure. The cerebral cortex is a most important part of the brain. It specializes in a method that perceives and constructs patterns. It passes that information on to other parts of the brain and plays a big role in sleep and consciousness. Research on brain differences is substantiated by several scientists. Most of the functions of the head and neck are directly influenced by the brain and transmitted to the PNS via the cranial nerves and spinal nerves of the cervical portion of the spine. Peripheral vision is weaker in humans, compared with other animals, especially at distinguishing color and shape. The hypothalamus is a small part of the brain located just below the thalamus on both sides of the third ventricle. Looking for Decreased appetite? Find out information about Decreased appetite. It connects the higher parts of the brain to the spinal cord (see the picture at the right of this page). Discount residronate generic where to buy, Over the counter residronate alternative. Much of what young children do as play — singing, drawing, dancing — are natural forms of art. How Do Jellyfish Live Without A Brain? The thing is, while jellyfish don’t have a brain or central nervous system, they do have a very basic set of nerves at the base of their tentacles. The brainstem coordinates motor control signals sent from the brain to the body. This page contains information about various types of tumors of the central nervous system. Parts of Nervous System: The nervous system is broadly divided into central and peripheral parts which are continuous with each other. The brain stem is important for maintaining basic life functions such as breathing, heart rate and blood pressure. The parts work together, but each has special functions. The epithalamus functions as a connection between the limbic system to other parts of the brain. In this activity you will explore the human brain, the key element of the nervous system. Because two hemispheres have completely different functions and responsibilities, they have to have something that will join these functions together, so that our brain could function properly as one organ. It's not just an aperture for defecation, but does a lot more. It plays a key role in memory, attention, perceptual awareness, thought, language, and consciousness. The brain stem, which consists of the medulla (an enlarged portion of the upper spinal cord), pons and midbrain (lower animals have only a medulla). Underneath lies the brainstem, and behind that sits the cerebellum. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A jelly like substance called vitreous humor fill the space between lens and retina. The brain is divided into three main parts: the hindbrain, the midbrain, and the forebrain. EPA and DHA seem to have important roles in the developing baby’s brain. That means that alcohol makes nerve cells in the brain less excited, causing them to slow down. Almost all neurons have axons, but not all axons have. The Respiratory System: Pathway of Oxygen The respiratory tract conveys air from the mouth and nose to the lungs, where the gases oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged between the alveoli and the capillaries. It floats in and is bathed by a 2500 cc of salt water. We know today that these areas are. We know today that these areas are. The outer ear is the visible portion; it includes the Explanation of auris interna. It is the organ that allows us to think, have emotions, move, and even dream. As you can see in the human ear diagram, it is designed in such a way that it captures the maximum auditory stimuli from the atmosphere and transfers them to the brain for translating into hearing response. Here's an overview of various diseases of the brain. Listening is good, playing is better. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. However, many higher. This cerebrospinal fluid-filled ventricle is continuous. The sense organs take in sensory information that gets sent to the brain, and the body acts on these messages. In This Week's Sift: One Obama-Week. The brain stem contains the pons and medulla oblongata. Alex Becker, PhD. A thought provoking and interesting article Mike. CogniFit Brain Trainer. Why the Banks Are Bankrupt. Fact #5: But it's not all bad -- in moderation, the Internet can actually boost brain function. • The basal ganglia are a cluster of structures in the center of the brain. Search 1000s of wikis or start your own wiki free. The parts of the brainstem also play important roles in the regulation of cardiac and respiratory function, helping to control heart rate and breathing rate. the hind brain or brain stem, contains the medulla oblongata and pons and 3. Both malignant and benign brain tumors can cause the problem of increased intracranial pressure and its consequences. Get information and resources for Alzheimer's and other dementias from the Alzheimer's Association. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The electrical activity that emanates from the brain comes in the form of brainwaves. Learn about the different parts of a bacterial, animal and plant cell Cell Menu - Games & Tutorials - Sheppard Software Games Learn about the different organelles in animal, bacteria, and plant cells!. Functions of the Cerebellum. Brain Structure & Function publishes research that provides insight into brain structure−function relationships. The brain stem is in charge of all the functions your body needs to stay alive, like breathing air, digesting food, and circulating blood. Benasich c. In humans, this area contains the medulla, midbrain and pons. In plants, there are three main organs. Explanation of Decreased appetite. The brain, locked away in its bony case, was conceived as responsible for rational thought and for ideas that direct behavioral interactions with the external environment. Evolutionarily speaking, the hindbrain contains the oldest parts of the brain, which all vertebrates possess, though they may look different from species to species. • The brain stem is between the spinal cord and the rest of the brain. The limbic system, also known as the paleomammalian cortex, is a set of brain structures located on both sides of the thalamus, immediately beneath the medial temporal lobe of the cerebrum primarily in the midbrain. Picture of the Brain. In this article we will explore the link between television and brain function and discuss the effect that this invention has had on our neural lives. EPA and DHA seem to have important roles in the developing baby’s brain. The Respiratory System: Pathway of Oxygen The respiratory tract conveys air from the mouth and nose to the lungs, where the gases oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged between the alveoli and the capillaries. The lens of the eye works in conjunction with the cornea. Hence, you have a right-sided frontal lobe and a leftt-sided frontal lobe. This brain structure was discovered in the 19th century. Glial cells make up 90 percent of the brain's cells. The inferior colliculi appear as four bumps on the dorsal surface of the brain stem and are a part of the auditory system. Brain parts and functions in an interactive tour - learn about the effects of Alzheimer's and dementia on memory and other human brain functions. The sense organs are those responsible for the ability to experience the five senses, which are touch, smell, taste, hearing and sight. It monitors numerous bodily functions such as blood pressure and body temperature, as well as controlling body weight. This in turn damages the brain. I read on the wiki that while Walkers are dead people, they still have small fragments of their past life, and that got me thinking: Who - or what - controlls the Walker?. We also have information about brain cancer statistics, research, and clinical. SC 039992). , every year, about 1. The central nervous system, which includes the brain, can be thought of as the governance and processing locus for the entire nervous system and the body. Glutamate is considered to be the major mediator of excitatory signals in the mammalian central nervous system and is involved in most aspects of normal brain function including cognition, memory and learning. It may not be medically approved for use in the United States but anyway it is still available through online stores as a nootropic, the kinds of drugs that have been known to help boost memory and cognitive function. ) The second and third parts are processes — structures that extend away from the cell body. Please credit source. Like an expensive car, your brain functions best when it gets only premium fuel. Though this cannot be seen directly, different parts of the cortex have different functions (see diagram). The brain and the spinal cord make up the central nervous system, which receives signals from the peripheral nervous systems (the nerves in the body), interprets them and sends out instructions for motor activity -- all in less than a second. The somatic nervous system is made up of neurons connecting the CNS with the parts of the body that interact with the outside world. It connects the higher parts of the brain to the spinal cord (see the picture at the right of this page). The scientists reveal that parts of the human brain are Forebrain, Midbrain & Hindbrain and the related structures that collectively act as a single highly specialized unit. Main Parts of the Human Brain and Subdivisions of Human Brain Parts Human encephalon resembles, in structure and function, with that of the other vertebrates. Search 1000s of wikis or start your own wiki free. The medial longitudinal fissure separates the human brain into two distinct cerebral hemispheres, connected by the corpus callosum. These activities engage all the senses and wire the brain for successful learning. For instance, the brain is situated within the cranial cavity and weighs less than 1. The medulla lies next to the spinal cord and controls functions outside conscious control, such as breathing and blood flow. Function: To relay information to and from your brain Like your brain, your spinal cord is part of your central nervous system. A complicated highway system of nerves connects your brain to the rest of your body, so communication can occur in split seconds. The eye is also heavily involved with the nervous system, which allows the brain to take in information from the eyes and make the appropriate decisions on how to act upon this information. Dendrites] [4. Looking for auris interna? Find out information about auris interna. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Posted Apr 06, 2018. Psychology is commonly defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. The limbic system is a set of brain structures located on top of the brainstem and buried under the cortex. Some effects of our linguistic environment are enormous and unfold gradually. You can also exercise your brain by learning something new or picking up a new hobby, like playing an instrument, painting, or studying a new language. Additional classification of the right and left hemispheres divides the brain in half. Now let’s begin exploring the main structures of our awesome human brain. Explore the links on this page to learn more about the many different CNS tumor types and how they are treated. Why the Banks Are Bankrupt. Other roles include the regulation of the central nervous system , (pivotal in maintaining consciousness ), and in the regulation of the sleep cycle. Glial cells make up 90 percent of the brain's cells. The three brains can work in harmony with the cosmic process by which we have evolved. It was in 1930s when scientists found that damage to the temporal lobe of the brain causes different changes in people's behavior. Anatomy of the Brain Overview. The medulla transmits signals between the spinal cord and the higher parts of the brain; it also controls such autonomic functions as heartbeat and respiration. In humans, the inner ear contains parts called the semicircular canals, where otoliths – tiny stone-like structures – shift in response to gravity and the movement of our body. We naturally suggest is you. The brain is a globular organ, nearly spherical, compsed primarily of fat. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This is the FIRST part. The brain has three main parts. In some cases, damage is permanent. Answering questions also helps you learn!. Bees and Honey; Take a Trip; Whack the Gopher! OwlieBoo; Mouse Song; Movie About Learning How to use the Mouse. The physiological study of laughter is gelotology. Understanding the brain's role in all manner of human activity is a central topic in psychology. The heart, the size of the closed fist of each person, is in the rib cage, between the lungs. Looking for Decreased appetite? Find out information about Decreased appetite. Scientists identify parts of brain involved in dreaming. For instance, the brain is situated within the cranial cavity and weighs less than 1. The inner ear is the innermost part of the ear, which consist of the cochlea, the balance mechanism, the vestibular and the auditory nerve. Below, we will look at some of the parts of the CNS in more detail, starting with the brain. The hindbrain also consists of the medulla oblongata and the pons. The Human Body: Body Parts The human body is the entire structure of a human organism, and consists of a head, neck, torso, two arms and two legs. In that sense, puzzles may be a form of brain practice just as games with a stick and ball are a form of body practice. The brain is the body's "control center". Cerebellum is the second largest part of the brain. The basal ganglia coordinate messages between multiple other brain areas. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. These all work together to make up the vital function of your heart. Infections, trauma, stroke, seizures, and tumors are some of the major categories of brain diseases. In the limbic system of the brain, experience is translated into expression. Studies published here integrate data spanning from molecular, cellular, developmental, and systems architecture to the neuroanatomy of behavior and cognitive functions. The cerebrum shares the forebrain space with the hypothalamus and thalamus, part of the limbic system. The Reticular Activating System (RAS) of the brain stem is considered as one of the most important systems which facilitates the functioning of sensation and attention. Limbic system brain structures located beneath the cerebrum also assist in sensory information processing. The brain scans revealed differences between the groups in two parts of the brain: an area in the cerebellum where sensory input from the vestibular organs is processed and in the cerebral cortex. Distinctly human traits including higher thought, language, and human consciousness as well as the ability to think, reason and imagine all originate in the cerebral cortex. Several chemicals are also located in the brain, which help the body maintain homeostasis, or a sense of overall comfort and calm as its basic needs are met. WebMD's Brain Anatomy Page provides a detailed diagram and definition of the brain including its function, parts, and conditions that affect it. Located in the front of the brain, this lobe is responsible for planning and organising incoming information. The physiological study of laughter is gelotology. Like cerebral hemispheres its upper surface is formed of grey matter and forms cerebellar cortex and the deeper central part is medulla formed of white matter. It connects the higher parts of the brain to the spinal cord (see the picture at the right of this page). Drucker discusses the new paradigms of management -- how they have changed and will continue to change our basic assumptions about the practices and principles of management. The right side of brain hemisphere specialists in combining the parts to produce a whole. If by formad Cialis And Adderall. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a challenging disease process, both to treat and investigate. The superior colliculi are a part of the visual system and are involved in visual reflexes and reactions to moving stimuli. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. Help the community by sharing what you know. The hindbrain is composed of the medulla, the pons, and the cerebellum. Brain Communications is the open access sister journal to Brain, publishing high-quality preclinical and clinical studies related to diseases of the nervous system or maintaining brain health. The cerebellum (say se-re-bell-um). Some functions of its components include the secretion of melatonin by the pineal gland (involved in circadian rhythms) and regulation of motor pathways and emotions. discussing “brain states” in terms of “the relationship between mind and body. language, memory, etc. Thanks to Udacity for launching Flying Car Nanodegree which is indeed a stepping…. Music has played an important part of every human culture, both past and present. The functions of the brain are varied, and include: thinking, perception (sensing), emotion, signaling, and many of our physical functions. The brain is a complex grouping of nerve cells and other structures that help us think, react to the environment, make decisions and plans, and carry them out. The parts work together, but each has special functions. It connects the higher parts of the brain to the spinal cord (see the picture at the right of this page). It is the organ that allows us to think, have emotions, move, and even dream. Definition from quizlet. In single-celled organisms such as bacteria, the functional analogue of an organ is known as an organelle. The three main parts of a neuron are the soma (cell body), the axons, the long trailing output of a neuron and the dendrite or dendritic tree. The main function of this human brain structure is to control certain visceral functions in body (including heart rate, breathing and blood pressure). Studies published here integrate data spanning from molecular, cellular, developmental, and systems architecture to the neuroanatomy of behavior and cognitive functions. The term Lizard-Brain is a light-hearted way of describing the most primitive part of our human brain. During sleep, which is in part a period of rest and relaxation,. It regulates balance, posture, movement, and muscle coordination. The brain is one of your most important organs. Choose from 500 different sets of brain parts function flashcards on Quizlet. The symptoms of brain diseases vary widely depending on the specific problem. The function of the cerebellum is mainly to control motor movements, although the cerebrum may also play a part in attention, language, as well as regulating the fear and pleasure. The brainstem also has integrative functions, including cardiovascular system control, respiratory control, pain sensitivity control, alertness, awareness, and consciousness. The hypothalamus, like the rest of the brain, consists of interconnecting neurons that are nourished by a rich supply of blood. It is protected by the skull and close to the main senses of vision, hearing, balance, taste, and smell. The brain integrates sensory information and directs motor responses; in higher vertebrates it is also the center of learning. Cell body The (soma) is the factory of the neuron. It is the older (from an evolutionary point of view) part of the brain that enables animals to experience and express emotions. And approximately 5. Drucker analyzes the new realities of strategy, shows how. Psychology and the Brain Psychology is commonly defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Injury to the spinal cord can be devastating because the spinal cord and the brain are the main parts of the central nervous system, which sends messages throughout your body. Learn more about the parts and functions of the brain in this article. Function The functions of these four cranial nerves (V-VIII) include regulation of respiration, controls involuntary actions, sensory roles in hearing, equilibrium, and taste, and in facial sensations such as touch and pain, as well as motor roles in eye movement, facial expressions, chewing, swallowing, and the secretion of saliva and tears. • Children and teenagers with ADHD have less tissue in parts of the brain's prefrontal and temporal lobes than those without attentional disorders. Glia and other supporting cells are important for proper brain function. These tumors are more common than primary brain tumors and are named by the location in which they begin. ON THIS PAGE: You will find out more about body changes and other things that can signal a problem that may need medical care. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. The spinal cord is an extension of the brain. It consists of heart, blood and blood vessels. The central processing unit (CPU) is the brain of your computer. Communication Systems. Is man the product of Godor is God the product of human evolution?. It handles all the instructions you give your computer, and the faster it does this, the better. There are definitely a lot of manufacturers of the HVAC systems that have included the forced air zoning systems in their products, and they can be found in every parts of the world. It is the organ that allows us to think, have emotions, move, and even dream. 2 comments. The relative position and direction of brain structures are described with special words. Since they don’t have a brain, they live. It's a common belief that we use 10 percent of our brain, but how much of our brain do we really use? Here's the truth about 5 brain myths. Psychology and the Brain. The brain stem, through its gray matter, provides many of the basic survival and reflex functions for the body. The cerebellum is the part that handles many aspects of movement. The term Lizard-Brain is a light-hearted way of describing the most primitive part of our human brain. While all the parts of your brain work together, each part is responsible for a specific function — controlling everything from your heart rate to your. The brain stem is in charge of all the functions your body needs to stay alive, like breathing air, digesting food, and circulating blood. The physiological study of laughter is gelotology. It controls the heartbeat, breathing, digestion and other functions without conscious thought. But is there a connection between television and brain function? After sleep and school or work, most societies state that watching television consumes most of their time.